Bert recently took his nine-year-old son, Hayden, to see the documentary Bully, and after that he had a tough conversation with him about sexual orientation, bullying, and bad words – all stemming from the movie.
Representatives from the Anti-Defmation league, an anti-bias facilitator with the No Place For Hate initiative, Dana Smith, and the Southeast Director of the Georgia Anti-Defamation League, Bill Nigut, join The Bert Show in studio to critique Bert’s conversation with Hayden, and to give some tips for everyone else getting ready to have that kind of talk.
After writing an opinion piece for HLN, “Bully Question: Daddy, What Does Gay Mean?,” they asked Bert to come on and talk about bullying. Check it out:[jwplayer mediaid="72164"]
We get a heartbreaking call from a girl, Anna, who’s been bullied for 5 years…and she’s only 12. We want any bullies out there to listen to this and realize what they’re doing when they bully.[jwplayer mediaid="71420"]
If this doesn’t show you the pain that bullying causes, we don’t know what will.[jwplayer mediaid="71298"]
Bert plays his conversation for them, and the critique continues:[jwplayer mediaid="71301"]
Probably one of the most eloquent kids we’ve ever heard (he’s basically an adult – who knows the word “incognito” at age 12?!) calls in – and has some fantastic and enlightened advice:[jwplayer mediaid="71327"]
WHAT YOU CAN DO ABOUT BULLYING
- If you find yourself lost in a bullying situation and need help, call the Anti-Defamation League: 404.262.3470
- Find more resources from The No Place for Hate initiative. It’s now running in more than 100 public, private and parochial schools in metro Atlanta and is used in grades k through 12.
- Learn the myths about bullying (also listed below).
MYTHS ABOUT BULLYING
1. Bullying is the same thing as conflict.
Bullying is aggressive behavior that involves an imbalance of power or strength. Often, bullying is repeated over time. Conflict involves antagonism among two or more people. Whereas any two people can have a conflict (or a disagreement or a fight), bullying only occurs where there is a power imbalance—where one child has a hard time defending himself or herself.
Why is the difference between bullying and conflict important? Conflict resolution or mediation strategies are sometimes misused to solve bullying problems. These strategies can send the message that both children are “partly right and partly wrong,” or that, “We need to work out the conflict between you.” These messages are not appropriate messages in cases of bullying (or in any situation where someone is being victimized). The appropriate message to the child who is bullied should be, “Bullying is wrong and no one deserves to be bullied. We are going to do everything we can to stop it.”
For more information, see the handout, “Misdirections in Bullying Prevention and Intervention.”
What does work? Research suggests that the best way to deal with bullying is through comprehensive programs that focus on changing the climate of a school and the social norms of the group. For more information, see the tip sheet entitled, “Best Practices in Bullying Prevention and Intervention.”
2. Most bullying is physical (involves hitting, shoving, kicking).
Physical bullying may be what first comes to mind when adults think about bullying. However, the most common form of bullying—both for boys and girls—is verbal bullying (e.g., name-calling, rumor spreading).
It is also common for youth to bully each other through social isolation (e.g., shunning or leaving a child out on purpose).
3. Bullying isn’t serious. It’s just a matter of “kids being kids.”
Bullying can be extremely serious. Bullying can affect the mental well-being, academic work, and physical health of children who are targeted.
Children who are bullied are more likely than other children to have lower self-esteem; and higher rates of depression, loneliness, anxiety, and suicidal thoughts. They also are more likely to want to avoid attending school and have higher school absenteeism rates. Recent research on the health-related effects of bullying indicates that victims of frequent bullying are more likely to experience headaches, sleeping problems, and stomach ailments. Some emotional scars can be long-lasting.
Research suggests that adults who were bullied as children are more likely than their non-bullied peers to be depressed and have low self-esteem as adults.
Children who bully are more likely than other children to be engaged in other antisocial, violent, or troubling behaviors. Bullying can negatively affect children who observe bullying going on around them–even if they aren’t targeted themselves. For more information, see handout “Why Should Adults Care About Bullying?”
4. Bullying doesn’t happen at my child’s school.
Bullying is more common at some schools than others, however it can happen anywhere children and youth gather. Studies show that between 15-25% of U.S. students are bullied with some frequency (“sometimes or more often”) while 15-20% admit that they bully others with some frequency within a school term. The best way to find out about bullying at your child’s school is to ask children and youth, themselves. One good way to do this is by administering an anonymous survey about where bullying occurs, when it occurs, and how often it occurs.
5. Bullying is mostly a problem in urban schools.
Bullying occurs in rural, suburban, and urban communities, and among children of every income level, race, and geographic region.
6. Bullying is more likely to happen on the bus than at school.
Although bullying does happen on the bus, most surveys indicate that bullying is more likely to occur on school grounds. Common locations for bullying include playgrounds, the classroom, the cafeteria, bathrooms, and hallways. A student survey can help determine where the hotspots are in any particular school.
7. Children and youth who are bullied will almost always tell an adult.
Adults are often unaware of bullying—in part because many children and youth don’t report it.
Most studies find that only 25%-50% of bullied children talk to an adult about the bullying. Boys and older children are less likely than girls and younger children to tell adults about bullying. Why are children reluctant to report bullying? They may fear retaliation by children doing the bullying. They also may fear that adults won’t take their concerns seriously or will deal inappropriately with the bullying situation.
8. Children and youth who bully are mostly loners with few social skills.
Children who bully usually do not lack friends. In fact, some research finds that they have larger friendship networks than other children.
Importantly, they usually have at least a small group of friends who support and encourage their bullying behavior. Bullies also generally have more leadership skills than victims of bullying or children not involved in bullying.
9. Bullied kids need to learn how to deal with bullying on their own.
Some children have the confidence and skills to stop bullying when it happens, but many do not. Moreover, children shouldn’t be expected to deal with bullying on their own. Bullying is a form of victimization or peer abuse. Just as society does not expect victims of other types of abuse (e.g., child maltreatment or domestic abuse) to “deal with it on their own, “we should not expect this from victims of bullying. Adults have critical roles to play in helping to stop bullying, as do other children who witness or observe bullying.
10. Most children and youth who observe bullying don’t want to get involved.
The good news is that most children and youth think that bullying is “not cool” and feel that they should do something if they see it happen. In a recent study of tweens, (Brown, Birch, & Kancherla, 2005), 56% said that they usually either say or do something to try to stop bullying that they observe or tell someone who could help. These children and youth play a critical role in helping stop bullying in schools and communities.
TAKING A STAND
A Student’s Guide to Stopping Name‐Calling and Bullying
© 2005 Anti‐Defamation League
Incidents of name‐calling and bullying can be complicated. Whenever you are a bystander and feel you want to do something to help, consider the following guidelines:
- Decide if you need to respond immediately or if action can wait until later.Sometimes immediate involvement is necessary. Other times, waiting to talk with the perpetrator can prevent possible embarrassment of all students involved. Consider alternate strategies and take time to calm down. Talk with targeted students about what would be helpful to them. If you wait to take action, make sure that the targeted students know that you support them and tell them what you intend to do.
- Assess the potential safety risks if you take action right away.When intervening in incidents of name‐ calling or bullying, never jeopardize your own safety or the safety of others. If you don’t feel comfortable or are unsure of the safety of addressing an incident, tell an adult who can intervene either immediately or at a later time. Always consider the impact on the targeted student if you confront students who are engaging in bullying or name‐ calling their peers. Immediate intervention can attract the attention of those nearby, and may cause embarrassment and a safety risk for targeted students.
- Determine if the situation requires adult assistance.When a targeted student is in immediate danger or the situation cannot otherwise be resolved among classmates, seek out the assistance of an adult. A teacher, nurse, guidance counselor, administrator, parent, etc. can assist in taking consistent and appropriate action against perpetrators.
- Assess the targeted student’s needs, including physical and emotional safety.Whenever possible, take time to talk privately with students who have been the targets of name‐calling and bullying. Determine their feelings and ask what you can do to help and support them. If they feel uncomfortable with the assistance of a classmate, suggest they ask an adult to intervene.
- Commit to providing support to targeted student after the incident.The effects of repeatedly being the target of name‐calling and bullying can last long after the incident is forgotten by other students. Whatever action you choose to take, commit to offering support to students who are the targets of name‐calling and bullying. These behaviors have a negative impact on all students. The presence of allies who are willing to provide support is an effective means to promote a more respectful school environment.
Remember that immediate intervention is not always the best course of action. You must assess the safety of the situation and comfort level of the targeted student. Once you have determined the situation is safe, consider the following suggestions for interrupting name‐calling and bullying:
Stop the Behavior Immediately
“Cut it out! Using language like that is no joke.” “That’s not cool.”
“Please keep your hands to yourself.”
Ask Questions that Cause Perpetrators to Consider their Actions
“What did you mean by what you said?”
“I’m sorry, I don’t understand why you would say that.” “That was really mean. Why did you say that?”
Communicate the Impact of the Behavior on You by Sharing Your Feelings
“I’d appreciate it if you didn’t say that word around me because I think it’s offensive.”
Ask an Adult (Teacher, Nurse, Guidance Counselor, Administrator, Parent, etc.) to Intervene by:
- asking the perpetrator to stop the behavior and apologize to the targeted student
- communicating and reinforcing the school policies or class ground rules on bullying and harassment
- taking appropriate action and enforcing procedures outlined in school policies or class ground rules
- creating a learning opportunity in which students learn the harmful impact that bullying and harassment has on individuals and the school community